Are your policies in line with recent Supreme Court rulings?
June 30th marked the end of the 2013-14 Supreme Court term. The court reviewed approximately 80 cases, some more notable than others. Attorney Eric Daigle with the Daigle Law Group, kept a watchful eye on the outcomes and in a recent webinar, hosted by PowerDMS, he shared his take-a-ways and analysis of four cases that could affect the day-to-day operations of law enforcement agencies.
Although your local jurisdictions may have their own interpretations, what Eric presents is a solid summary of cases and outcomes. The four cases include:
1. Prado Navarette v. California – In a 5-4 ruling, the U.S. Supreme Court set the legal precedent, allowing police to initiate traffic stops based solely on anonymous tips.
2. Fernandez v. California – In a 6-3 ruling, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that when an objecting co-resident is removed for objectively reasonable purpose (such as lawful arrest), the remaining resident may validly consent to search.
3. Plumhoff v. Rickard – In a 9-0 ruling, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that officers’ conduct did not violate the 4th Amendment because they acted reasonably in using deadly force.
4. Riley v. California and United States v. Wurie – In a 9-0 ruling, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled a warrantless search and seizure of digital content on a cell phone during an arrest is unconstitutional.
These four cases most closely impact the way officers should conduct themselves in the field. It is important to familiarize yourself with them and update your current policies, procedures and training so that they are in line with these rulings.
The detailed summaries, including background and analysis, can be found here.